Since Andersson first described Miscanthus in 1855 more than 80 synonyms have been applied to the genus. This invasive grass colonizes by wind dispersed seeds. Fourteen species are now recognised (Hodkinson et al., 1997) but interspecific hybridisation is common giving rise to many sterile hybrids.Intergeneric hybridisation also occurs, especially with Sacharum, a close relative. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. Maiden Grass s the most common ornamental grass having numerous cultivars and has virtually no disease or pest problems. It is very showy and vigorous and forms dense mats. Cut foliage to the ground in late winter before new shoots appear. The corn-like stalks turn creamy tan in winter. Photo by James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? It was likely introduced to the U.S. through packing material from Asia nearly one hundred years ago. Description Appearance. Here is an invasive stand along the French Broad River. (Often listed incorrectly as Miscanthus floridulus) This is a grass of monstrous proportions, forming very tall clumps of green leaves, their tips arching gracefully in layers. It made its way to our area only about 15 years ago, and has been spreading rapidly ever since. Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Posted on March 1, 2018 February 25, 2018. Miscanthus sinensis Red Chief (Chinese Silver Grass) A bold yet non invasive clump forming grass, the narrow green foliage arches at the leaf tips to produce a neat and tidy fountain-like effect right through the season. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), The midribs are silvery. Perfect in a glazed, cobalt-blue Chinese pot set on a porch, steps or pedestal. Common Name: Chinese Silver grass, zebra grass, eulalia grass, Eulalia, Chinese fairy grass . Purple Japanese Silver grass MISIG: Miscanthus sinensis Andersson var. It is deer and rabbit resistant but attracts birds. gracillimus Hitchc. It was introduced to the United States about a century ago as an ornamental and is still widely sold for this purpose. Soft pink plumes appear in the fall and corn like stalks become tan in the winter. Here in North America, it escapes cultivation to occupy similar types of places, and, given enough time it can displace native meadow vegetation. In its native range, it inhabits disturbed areas and meadows. contributors include: Committee Members: Leslie Cameron, Tyler Ormsby, Marilyn Thomson, & Rachel Vecchio Webmaster: Elena Rodriguez. Don’t Plant: Chinese Silver Grass. Native Range: Temp. The leaves are up to 18 in. (45 cm) long, slender, and upright to arching, with sharp tips and rough margins. Chinese silver grass can tolerate a wide variety of temperature ranges and soil types. 2020 Invasive Plant Factsheet: Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus sinensis) Today some 50 forms are sold in the nursery trade, and it is often used in both commercial and residential landscapes. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. This large grass forms dense stands, preventing other plants from growing. Miscanthus sinensis is a member of the Poaceae or Grass Family. Miscanthus sinensis is a tall, up to 12 ft. (3.7 m), densely-bunched grass that invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. It is a clumping grass that grows up to 12' tall. If you have not yet had the opportunity to see how invasive this… Asia ( GRIN ); Appearance. Miscanthus Sinensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 4 m (13ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Some cultivars are considered weedy in the southeast. (3 to 4 mm) long. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It has been introduced or has spread throughout the EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. The flowers are purplish, held above the foliage. Switchgrass is one of the flowering grasses that grows in hardiness zones 4 through 9 and produces pink flowers from mid to late summer. This commonly planted grass is becoming an aggressive, highly invasive weed, especially in the Asheville, NC area. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture The terminal panicle is fan-shaped, 2 ft. (0.6 m) in length, and silvery to pink. A reliable and attractive alternative to more invasive ornamental Grass or dwarf Bamboo. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. 2008. Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus Sinensis) Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Miscanthus sinensis is a member of the Poaceae or Grass Family. Foliage The leaves are long (up to 18 in. Summary 7 Miscanthus sinensis is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Noteworthy Characteristics. Invasive Species: Miscanthus sinensis, Chinese Silvergrass. Japanese silver grass is an ornamental clumping grass in the genus Miscanthus.There are many cultivars of the attractive plant with most suitable for USDA plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Microstegia vimineum–aka: Japanese Stiltgrass–is an exotic invasive annual grass species. Click on each photo to see large images and detailed information. (45 cm) long, slender, and upright to arching, with sharp tips and rough margins. Fact Sheet – Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants of Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas – National Park Service and U.S. n 0 1.02 Has the species become naturalised where grown? Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Amur silvergrass is an ornamental grass that can spread vegetatively through horizontal stems growing below the soil surface to form dense patches that crowd out other species. The grass is extremely flammable and increases fire risks of invaded areas. (3 to 4 mm) long. Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese silvergrass) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Miscanthus sinensis is native to eastern Asia throughout China, Japan, and Korea. The leaves are up to 18 in. Fruits are rough and about 0.12 to 0.16 in. Chinese silvergrass, an exotic species, has been found in Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island and has escaped from cultivation into disturbed areas. Chinese silvergrass is native to Asia and was introduced in the United States for ornamental purposes during the late 1800s. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. zebra grass. [45 cm]), slender, and upright-to-arching with sharp tips and rough margins. At 15 to 30 feet tall, Flowering Dogwood is attrac, Flowering Dogwood has oval, medium green leaves wi, Master Gardener Organizations in Virginia, Teaching Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Master Gardener Tribute Garden at Fairlington Community Center, Organic Vegetable Garden at Potomac Overlook Regional Park, Educational Videos from Glencarlyn Library Community Garden, Tried & True Native Plants for the Mid-Atlantic, Planting Dates for Arlington and Alexandria, Select On-Line References for Kitchen Gardening, Gardening Basics for Arlington & Alexandria, VA, Community Gardens in Arlington & Alexandria, Between the Rows – A Guide to Vegetable Gardening, Creating Inviting Habitats for the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds, Meet New Arlington County Natural Resources Specialist, Invasive Plant Factsheet: Chinese Silver Grass (, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publications, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Alexandria Office, Virginia Cooperative Extension – Arlington Office. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1: 178-195. This very large grass is a favorite ornamental. Useful as a living screen or hedge, bearing soft-pink plumes in the fall. It is in flower from August to September. Works well in natural drifts or planted next to boulders and rock waterfalls. Fruits are rough and about 0.12 to 0.16 in. It continues to be a popular ornamental in many areas of the United States as well as being used as a barrier plant along roadsides and agricultural fields. Just enter your email address below and click "sign me up" to get notified of new updates to our site via email. Hitchcock recognizes 3 varieties in the United States: Miscanthus sinensis … The terminal panicle is fan-shaped, 2 ft. (0.6 m) in length, and silvery to pink. The MGNV website is maintained and created by the MGNV Social Media Committee with input from MGNV and VCE. In its native Japan, it is often the dominant species in grasslands. Fish and Wildlife Service. United States Land Grant University System – Find your Land Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. They have twisted bristle tips. Editors: Steven Bell, Margaret Brown, Brigitte Coulton, Kimberly Marsho, Marsha Mercer,  & Christa Watters Chinese silvergrass, Miscanthus sinensis, is a beautiful ornamental grass. This week is National Invasive Species Awareness Week. Chinese silvergrass is a densely bunched grass that grows up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) tall and invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. & trop. Graphics: Marilyn Thomson Herring Run Nursery will be focusing each day on one invasive plant and a native alternative. The leaves are 18–75 cm tall and 0.3–2 cm broad. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. February 26 through March 2, 2018 is National Invasive Species Awareness Week! Fish and Wildlife Service, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual – Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC), Invasive Plant Atlas of New England – University of Connecticut. Unfortunately, it escapes from these plantings and has become invasive in national parks in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Chinese Silver grass - Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. You’ve probably seen Chinese Silver Grass (Miscanthus sinensis) in landscaping around parking lots or office buildings. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. In recognition of NISAW, DISC will be posting an “Invasive Species of the Day” throughout the week. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Heavy mulching helps prevent seed germination and can keep this plant from becoming invasive. Scientific Name: Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. The midribs are silvery. ANNAPOLIS, MD (November 1, 2017) – Tall silver and white and even purple plumes of grass nodding from old fields and road edges may catch your eye as they are tossed by autumn winds. Common Name: Chinese Silver grass, zebra grass, eulalia grass, Eulalia, Chinese fairy grass. Flowering occurs in late summer. Giant Chinese Silver Grass otherwise known as Miscanthus x giganteus is a very large grass forming tall clumps of green leaves which arch towards the ground. Subscribe to our website! Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species, Native Species That Resemble Chinese Silvergrass, Additional Images for Chinese Silvergrass, Learning Resources for Chinese Silvergrass, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land Grant University System, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants of Southern Forests, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. Miscanthus sinensis is a tall, up to 12 ft. (3.7 m), densely-bunched grass that invades roadsides, forest edges, old fields, and other disturbed areas throughout the United States. It is highly flammable and may become a fire hazard. Flowering occurs in late summer. In its native range, chinese silver grass grows in grasslands affected by fire and volcanic ash. C. Gantz. Unfortunately, it escapes from these plantings and has become invasive in national parks in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The leaves are up to 18 in. Synonym (s): Chinese silvergrass, eulalia, Chinese plume grass, zebra grass, eulaliagrass. In addition to writers & photographers credited through bylines (Mary Free, Judy Funderburk, Elaine Mills, Christa Watters & Susan Wilhelm), contributors include: According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. Tag: Chinese Silver Grass. Scientific Name: Miscanthus sinensis. The distinctive inflorescence of Chinese silver grass. This Chinese Silver Grass is generally pest and disease free. Cyperales > Poaceae > Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Chinese Silver Grass — Miscanthus sinensis Andersson. Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Chinese silvergrass is a densely bunched grass that grows up to 12 ft. (3.7 m) tall. MISIP ... Chinese silvergrass. Foliage. Propagate by seed sown in pots in a cold frame in spring or by division in spring. Chinese silvergrass escapes from ornamental plantings and can form large clumps along disturbed areas, displacing native vegetation. Miscanthus sinensis, the maiden silvergrass, is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. Pest plant Council invasive plant and a native alternative nearly one hundred years ago, and deer resistant alternative. Grass ( Miscanthus sinensis ( Chinese Silver grass grows 3 to 6 feet tall be focusing each day on invasive! 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