So, the Pacific is the largest and the Arctic is the smallest of all oceans by surface area. The third largest ocean on Earth would be the Indian Ocean. • Area: 615,000 square miles (1,592,800 sq km) • Average depth: 4,874 feet (1,486 m) • Ocean: Atlantic Ocean The Gulf of Mexico is the world's largest gulf, with 3,100 miles of shoreline (5,000 km). The Pacific Ocean meets the Atlantic south of South America at Cape Horn. These include the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain and the Louisville Ridge. The 'Ring of Fire' is defined by a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, island arcs, and volcanic mountain ranges and/or boundaries of several plates. [79] Overfishing has become a serious problem in some areas. Oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the center of gyres and coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is known as beach litter. Ahoy, matey! It encircles the periphery of the Pacific Ocean Basin. On Northern and Southern sides, it is further capped by the North and South Arctics. Earth’s beautiful oceans are some of the most striking natural features that we can observe and enjoy. The Pacific Ocean contains several long seamount chains, formed by hotspot volcanism. Yep, you might have already guessed it (With the stats from the previous ones), that makes it larger than all of the Earth’s land area combined! It is also bounded by the Antarctic Ocean in the south and the Arctic Ocean in the north. [63] The South Equatorial Current, flowing west along the equator, swings southward east of New Guinea, turns east at about 50°S, and joins the main westerly circulation of the South Pacific, which includes the Earth-circling Antarctic Circumpolar Current. [86], Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has ended up floating in a lake, sea, ocean, or waterway. [44] Tsunamis, caused by underwater earthquakes, have devastated many islands and in some cases destroyed entire towns. Mesopotamia. Many tropical storms batter the islands of the Pacific. They span over massive distances, separating our continents and playing key parts in the world’s ecosystems and planetary climate. Containing almost twice as much as the world’s second largest body of water, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean holds more than half of the Earth’s open water supply. “The Pacific Asian Region: Myth or Reality?”. That comes out (roughly) to 170 cubic miles of water. From 1404 to 1433 Zheng He led expeditions into the Indian Ocean. Name of the five oceans are the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic oceans (arranged in a descending order according to their size). (image courtesy of COMET® program) The Biggest Ocean in the World. [16] Magellan stopped at one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521. [28] One of the earliest voyages of scientific exploration was organized by Spain in the Malaspina Expedition of 1789–1794. Since the early days of mankind, the seas have also been central to our survival by offering us food and the means of greater exploration. As the only known entrance from the Atlantic, the Strait of Magellan was at times patrolled by fleets sent to prevent entrance of non-Spanish ships. Davidson, James Wightman. It touches the west coast border of the Americas along with east Asia and Australia. [76] The oldest Pacific Ocean floor is only around 180 Ma old, with older crust subducted by now.[77]. The term "Seven Seas" appears as early as 2300 BC in Hymn 8 of the Sumerian Enheduanna to the goddess Inanna. This sizeable body of water would be landlocked if it weren’t for the Strait of Gibraltar, which flows between Morocco and Spain to the Atlantic Ocean. [58] Surface water temperatures in the Pacific can vary from −1.4 Â°C (29.5 Â°F), the freezing point of sea water, in the poleward areas to about 30 Â°C (86 Â°F) near the equator. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of all the oceans. However, it receives very little continental drainage as compared to other oceans. According to the CIA World Factbook, it covers 28 percent of the Earth and is equal in size to nearly all of the land area on the Earth. There are about 25,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. “The Asia-Pacific Idea: Reality and Representation in the Invention of a Regional Structure,”, Dixon, Chris, and David Drakakis-Smith. [51][52], Melanesia, to the southwest, includes New Guinea, the world's second largest island after Greenland and by far the largest of the Pacific islands. To Magellan, it seemed much more calm (pacific) than the Atlantic. In 219 BC Xu Fu sailed out into the Pacific searching for the elixir of immortality. The trade winds in the southern and eastern Pacific are remarkably steady while conditions in the North Pacific are far more varied with, for example, cold winter temperatures on the east coast of Russia contrasting with the milder weather off British Columbia during the winter months due to the preferred flow of ocean currents. The highest point of the Indian Ocean uniformly rests right at sea level, rather than above or below it as a result of geographical influences. The North Equatorial Current, driven westward along latitude 15°N by the trade winds, turns north near the Philippines to become the warm Japan or Kuroshio Current. One entire third of the world’s shipping passes through the South China Sea, making it an extremely important economic and political factor in world trade. In the arctic, icing from October to May can present a hazard for shipping while persistent fog occurs from June to December. Though the peoples of Asia and Oceania have traveled the Pacific Ocean since prehistoric times, the eastern Pacific was first sighted by Europeans in the early 16th century when Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama in 1513 and discovered the great "southern sea" which he named Mar del Sur (in Spanish). In addition, the Pacific Ocean has served as the crash site of satellites, including Mars 96, Fobos-Grunt, and Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. Name the world's largest Largest ocean? [39][40], Along the Pacific Ocean's irregular western margins lie many seas, the largest of which are the Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East China Sea (East Sea), Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, South China Sea (South Sea), Sulu Sea, Tasman Sea, and Yellow Sea (West Sea of Korea). A large amount of sea ice floats in the Arctic Ocean, helping to regulate Earth’s climate and the temperature of the surrounding waters. The Southern Ocean includes water below 60 degrees south of the Equator. Located between Cuba and Jamaica, the Cayman Trench or “Bartlett Deep” reaches a staggering depth of 25,216 feet below sea level. The northern portion, named the Northern Atlantic, drives the “global ocean conveyor” which is responsible for carrying cool waters across the surface of the planet and maintaining a sustainable global temperature. The Bay of Bengal also encloses some of the biggest ports in the world, namel… This huge sea flows through the Bering Strait to connect with the Arctic Ocean, passing through the oceanic territory of both Russia and the United States. The Japanese-ruled Northern Mariana Islands came under the control of the United States. The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean. The largest region of the Global Ocean, the Pacific Ocean has the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Southern Ocean to the south, Australia, and Asia to the west and the Americas to the east. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in area (as defined with an Antarctic southern border), this largest division of the World Ocean—and, in turn, the hydrosphere—covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about 32% of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined (148,000,000 square kilometers). Pacific hurricanes form south of Mexico, sometimes striking the western Mexican coast and occasionally the southwestern United States between June and October, while typhoons forming in the northwestern Pacific moving into southeast and east Asia from May to December. Top Answer. [22], In 1564, five Spanish ships carrying 379 explorers crossed the ocean from Mexico led by Miguel López de Legazpi, and sailed to the Philippines and Mariana Islands. ", Korhonen, Pekka. Significant contributions to oceanographic knowledge were made by the voyages of HMS Beagle in the 1830s, with Charles Darwin aboard;[29] HMS Challenger during the 1870s;[30] the USS Tuscarora (1873–76);[31] and the German Gazelle (1874–76). In 1520, navigator Ferdinand Magellan and his crew were the first to cross the Pacific in recorded history. Trade, and therefore knowledge, extended to the Indonesian islands but apparently not Australia. Their borders are indicated on the world image (above) in varied shades of blue. The northernmost body of water in the world, as well as the smallest and shallowest of all oceans, the Arctic Ocean is home to a surprisingly diverse array of wildlife. It is also the deepest ocean on Earth, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the Mariana Trench. Biggest, Highest, Largest, Longest in World : Plants, Trees etc Largest Living Tree – German Sherman, the Giant Sequoia in Sequoia National Park, California, US (83.8 m tall, 11.1 m trunk dia). Covering approximately an entire fifth of the world’s surface, the Atlantic Ocean has the largest drainage area in the world. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. Here basaltic lavas gently flow out of rifts to build huge dome-shaped volcanic mountains whose eroded summits form island arcs, chains, and clusters. [71], The ocean was first mapped by Abraham Ortelius; he called it Maris Pacifici following Ferdinand Magellan's description of it as "a pacific sea" during his circumnavigation from 1519 to 1522. This tree largest … It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. The Pacific separates Asia and Australia from the Americas. [61], Turning eastward at about 45°N, the Kuroshio forks and some water moves northward as the Aleutian Current, while the rest turns southward to rejoin the North Equatorial Current. Spain also sent expeditions to the Pacific Northwest, reaching Vancouver Island in southern Canada, and Alaska. [23] For the remainder of the 16th century, Spanish influence was paramount, with ships sailing from Mexico and Peru across the Pacific Ocean to the Philippines via Guam, and establishing the Spanish East Indies. Covering an area of 2,172,000 sq. [65], In the tropical and subtropical Pacific, the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) affects weather conditions. 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