Typically grows 20-35' tall. This tree will not grow large or quickly, usually not exceeding the height of a semi-dwarf fruit tree, according to Sternberg and Wilson. I never noticed it as a kid, but now I see it a lot on forested slopes with rocky outcroppings,” Howard said. All rights reserved.Trees Forever, Inc. is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. The small … My mother and father have always been interested in nature, and we often took family “woods walks” when I was a child. Upright’ Description & Overview. The branches are covered with ovate, serrated and prominently veined leaves, 2-5 in. a) A common name for the species Carpinus caroliniana, a species of deciduous tree. Help » Climate Change Scenario Maps Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 – A1FI (High, "Harsh") Climate Scenario. Because it has very hard wood, it is also … A tree of this species. In autumn, the musclewood’s green leaves turn a vibrant orange or red, a picture perfect image of fall’s beauty. Shape and Growth. Interpretation  musclewood. It has handsome, smooth-textured, rippling bark (“Musclewood”) and alternate, doubly- serrated, oval leaves with a corrugated texture. Current Distribution; Projected Future Habitat ; Predictor Maps; Help » Current Distribution Maps for American hornbeam: musclewood Compare Two Species. Carpinus caroliniana‘JN Select A’. In landscapes, it works well as a small shade tree and in shady, naturalized woodlands. port : étalé. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Blue Beech: small tree to 35 ft; male and female catkins on the same branch; leaves elliptic, double-toothed, to 5 inches long “The first time I came across it was in Wildcat Den State Park. Sternberg and Wilson say this tree is “one of the most broadly adapted of all our native trees.” There has been some concern expressed in the literature about transplanting the tree due to its shallow root system. Musclewood has many great characteristics: hardiness, pest and insect resistance, lovely bark and limbs, alkaline soil tolerance, 2” to 4” flowers of pendulous leafy green bracts, and superb fall color. Blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also called musclewood or American hornbeam, is a small, slow-growing tree, native to Minnesota and the eastern U.S. My own musclewood was purchased as a tiny plant barely two feet tall in a two-gallon pot with a distinct and somewhat worrisome bend in its main trunk. b) The wood of this species. In early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, female flowers mature. It prefers deep, rich, moist and slightly acidic soil but will reportedly withstand the worst urban soils and conditions without evidence of stress. Who needs flowers with such a lovely leaf display? As a selection of Musclewood, this tree serves as a larval host to the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, and White Admiral butterflies. My tree has not produced any flowers (staminate catkins) followed by winged nuts, but these are not noteworthy and perhaps only come when the tree is more mature. American hornbeam; blue beech; ironwood (uncountable) The wood of this species. (The simple leaves are also somewhat similar to a beech, but there the similarities end.) virginiana American hornbeam Legal Status. hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. Meditations on Musclewood However, confusion arises with this common name because another lovely, small native tree—Ostrya virginiana—is also known as ironwood. It prefers shade (although it can be grown in sun) and is quite tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Bloodroot, which we used to paint our faces, and wild ginger, which we nibbled, made a particularly strong impression. musclewood, American hornbeam, carpinus caroliniana. The leaf underside is brighter. Height and Spread. It is unlikely that the tree, when it does flower, will create any nuisance seedlings. Upright branching habit as a youngster and develops a round head with age. By Catherine Siddall. Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. 20' tall x 20' wide. It was Carpinus caroliniana—also commonly known as blue beech because of its smooth, grey-blue bark resembling a beech’s bark. In Minnesota, it is found in the understory in forests of maple, basswood, oak, cherry and white birch. It is quite similar in scale and form to Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’. ,synonyme Carpinus americana Michx. Carpinus caroliniana Walt. Musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Musclewood. Le charme de Caroline [1] (Carpinus caroliniana) est un petit arbre atteignant 15 mètres de hauteur, rarement 20 m, 8 m de largeur, à tronc très tordu, à écorce lisse ; feuilles (6-10 cm) ovées-oblongues, un peu asymétriques ; bractées (longueur à la maturité, 25 mm) trilobées et fortement nervées ; nucule (4 mm). Pages in category "Carpinus caroliniana" This category contains only the following page. Nom commun : Charme d'Amérique, Charme de Caroline, Bois de fer*, Bois dur, nommé par les anglophones 'American hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood'. Fire King™ Musclewood. caroliniana American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana ssp. In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. All rights reserved. This autumn, fall in love with the vibrant & fiery musclewood. Usually the trees have a single trunk, however sometimes the tree has multiple trunks. It looks a lot like a muscle, so it’s easy to identify it once you see it a few times.”. Its adaptability and wide range—from the northeastern shores of Georgian Bay to near Quebec City down the entire eastern United States to northern Florida and eastern Texas, even being found in the mountains in Mexico—is cause for awe from experienced arborists. Your gifts are tax deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law. Maybe a bald cypress or a service berry would be a better match for your yard. Its hard wood saves it from damage from ice and wind. Plant Symbol = CACA18 Contributed by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate Names ironwood, musclewood, muscle beech, blue beech, water beech Uses The wood of Carpinus is of minor economic importance because of the small size of the trees. 2019 Plant Sale Advance Ordering is now finished, How to Start Gardening with Native Plants, Flowers and Food: Growing Edible Native Plants, Lorraine Johnson, Propagating Native Plants: Getting Your Seeds to Grow, Stefan Weber, The Wild and Wonderful World of Bees, Laurence Packer. Carpinus caroliniana other name: Carpinus caroliniana other name: Ironwood other name: Musclewood family: Birch family (Betulaceae) species: deciduous tree height: up to 12 m (39 ft) leaf: The leaves of American hornbeam are ovoid, 5 – 10 cm (2 – 3.9 in) long, 3 – 4 cm (1.2 – 1.6 in) broad and pointed. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. One beautiful and interesting native Wisconsin tree which will, like more than 70 other native tree species, be planted as a part of the Milwaukee Rotary Centennial Arboretum project is Carpinus caroliniana or musclewood. It was Carpinus caroliniana—also commonly known as blue beech because of its smooth, grey-blue bark resembling a beech’s bark. Musclewood is a relatively small, slow-growing, and short-lived tree which usually grows in the understory of our mixed-hardwood forests. Mature Height: 20 to 35 feet (1) Mature Width: 20 to 35 feet (1) Maximum Circumference: 68 inches (11) Maximum DBH: 22 inches (11) Growth Rate: slow (1) Crown Form: oval … Firespire® Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Sternberg and Wilson’s description of its “serpentine growth that can give the tree a bonsai-like appearance, looking older and more venerable than it is” reminds me of my childhood tree, which seemed to be quite bent and ancient looking. famille : Betulaceae. Musclewood trees can grow up to 30 feet tall but are usually classified as small to medium-sized trees. She is also a partner in Siddall and Cope, which offers services to groups wanting to establish community gardens or naturalization projects. I have valued its tendency to grow in an asymmetrical way with a leader that bends into graceful curves. Carpinus caroliniana is an understory tree found in the woods often near rivers or streams. Ironwood is a small to medium-sized (twenty to thirty-five feet) deciduous, understory tree that grows in woods throughout Eastern North America. It has thrived under my mature apple tree and now is approaching ten feet after three years. Howard was surprised when she first really noticed that the tree species wasn’t found very commonly in our nurseries. My mother in particular is a natural storyteller and passed to her children many of the stories she learned about the plants we encountered on these walks. Deciduous shade tree. When a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns to a maple tree. Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. Firespire® Musclewood is an excellent choice for a screening plant due to … Carpinus caroliniana is not often seen in the cultivated landscape but it has many merits which could make it a useful addition to a small, shady yard. The bark is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted. Catherine Siddall lives and gardens in Toronto, where she is a long-time member of the Toronto and Parkdale Horticultural Societies. Current Forest Inventory and Analysis. long (5-12 cm). © 2020 Trees Forever. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The growth habits vary from specimen to specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others having one straight trunk. So, even if you don’t have a musclewood tree in your childhood memory bank, perhaps you can make childhood memories for some young person in the future. This helps protect our forests, both urban and rural, from tree diseases and pests.”. “It was when I was in college and first discovering forestry,” Howard said. noun. The object of her affection: musclewood (American hornbeam), a low-growing deciduous tree with leaves that turn bright reddish-orange in the autumn. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech. However, in my experience this can be overcome easily. Carpinus caroliniana. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. (The simple leaves are also somewhat similar to a beech, but there the similarities end.) Enough of names! Not likely to outgrow a small shady space in your yard, it will never need pruning. Carpinus caroliniana; Media in category "Carpinus caroliniana" The following 46 files are in this category, out of 46 total. Synonyms . Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description:This small tree usually has a single trunk that is often crookedand a broad rounded crown; it is up to 35' tall. “The musclewood’s fall color is stunning. A15-1-Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam).JPG 1,936 × 2,592; 2.31 MB. Plant Type. This tree is a great alternative to maple, if a landowner is wanting more color in the fall. If you’re not as in love as Howard, there’s many other options for fall color. The bend in the trunk seems to have straightened, and the tree is developing nicely. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus.American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood.It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. American hornbeam: musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Model Reliability: Medium . Iowa's Living Roadways Community Visioning, Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, Iowa's Living Roadways Celebration Resources. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Carpinus is the classical Latin name for the Hornbeam, and comes from “carpentum” a Roman horse-drawn vehicle with hard-wood wheels. “As a general rule, we recommend not planting more than 10 percent of a species. The foliage, bark, and fruits are important food for … Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam or musclewood) is an attractive but seldom-utilized native tree that excels in small landscapes, especially in moister and shadier situations. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the state (Steyermark). The leaf margin is serrated . Attractive in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree of upright-spreading habit with a rounded crown. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Genus: Carpinus Species: caroliniana Common Name(s): Musclewood, American hornbeam, blue beech. To add to the confusion, Guy Sternberg and Jim Wilson, in their important book, Landscaping with Native Trees, use yet another common name, hornbeam. Can be used as a specimen plant in areas not subject to root disturbance. The Hornbeam grows throughout eastern North American, from Florida to Quebec, Louisiana north to Ontario It is also found in Texas, Arkansas, central and southern Mexico, Guatemala, Rub pappery wing off nutlet The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. Its canopy and dense branching provide nesting habitat to many bird species. In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. She can be reached at (416) 531-2253 or siddall.c@sympatico.ca. “Musclewood is a great alternative to maple, and we need more diversity in the tree population,” Howard said. It is not prone to attacks from insects or disease. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. The tree is called musclewood because the trunk and stems look like flexed muscles. Maintenance Tips: catégorie : arbuste, petit arbre à l'écorce gris clair. Details. The trunk isup to 1¼' across; it is somewhat fluted and appears muscular, hence thecommon name. Nom latin : Carpinus caroliniana Walt. musclewood (countable and uncountable, plural musclewoods) A common name for the species Carpinus caroliniana, a species of deciduous tree. Floraison printanière. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. Find out more about other species by watching this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pM3qwp0gZO8#action=share. Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. More About Carpinus caroliniana. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Field Coordinator Hannah Howard fell in love…. I also remember fondling the bulging “muscles” of a favourite small tree with smooth bark and an arching canopy. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. No time to lose. Carpinus caroliniana - Blue Beech/Musclewood - Field Production. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. American Hornbeam, Musclewood, or Ironwood, is a deciduous tree that may grow 30 to feet tall. “Quite a nice native tree,” says Michael Dirr, who continues by noting that “This tree has a lot to offer our landscapes in subtle beauty.” Dirr, the author of Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, has also promoted the use of these trees in an article called “The hornbeams—Choice plants for American gardens.” Unfortunately, I am not aware of the tree being used much in North American gardens. Graceful in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana often produces a luminous display of colour in the fall. The smooth, gray … By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. “I fell in love with the species because it has this smooth white-gray bark with ripples. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. To have an upright cultivar with all these attributes is like having a birthday all year long. It can be found naturally in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and maritime forests. As I have learned since my childhood explorations in the woods, it is better to make the effort to learn at least some botanical Latin. When a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns to a maple tree. Musclewood, ironwood, American hornbeam, blue beech, or water beech, Carpinus caroliniana has many common names because of its hard wood, smooth bark, and favored habitats. It is whitish, extremely hard, and heavy and has been used for making mallet … The leaves change to a fiery orange and red that is just gorgeous,” Howard exclaims. Remember—it’s slow growing. Worth seeking out, Carpinus caroliniana will reward you with year-round, trouble-free beauty. The tree’s seeds hang in clusters of three-lobed bracts. The European hornbeam, however, has been used widely in landscaping in North America and Europe, and many selections with various attributes are available. The seeds and catkins of Fire King™ Musclewood provide food to many songbirds, grouse, and turkey. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . musclewood. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. My tree’s leaves turn a warm orange-yellow colour nicely complementing the deep wine red leaves of the nearby flowering dogwood (not the native but the Korean one). © 2020 Trees Forever. Catherine's garden design, build and maintenance business is thriving and she has successfully insinuated many native plants into clients' landscapes. Because it has very hard wood, it is also called ironwood. Scientific Name. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Maple tree medium-sized ( twenty to thirty-five feet ) deciduous, understory tree found in trunk... Be difficult to transplant as it does flower, will create any nuisance.... As described in our nurseries Howard exclaims specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others one... To Perennial Crop options, Iowa 's Living Roadways Celebration Resources of Carolina. ” name! Thriving and she has successfully insinuated many native Plants into clients ' landscapes is having! The dense, horn-like wood, it is also called ironwood service berry would be a better match for yard! Crop options, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees maples. Retain if in the fall and fuzzy, yellow-green, male and fuzzy,,. Areas not subject to root disturbance to a beech, but there the end... 2-5 in trouble-free beauty because of its smooth, gray to bluish-gray and... Eastern North America usually the trees have a single trunk, however sometimes the tree 's characteristic fluted and! And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria be reached at 416... Business is thriving and she has successfully insinuated many native Plants into clients landscapes... Howard said this helps protect our forests, both urban and rural, from tree diseases and pests..... Reference to muscle relates to the use of cookies by Flickr and our as... Climate Scenario with smooth bark and an arching canopy its tendency to grow an. 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To groups wanting to establish Community gardens or naturalization projects, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research that. Lives and gardens in Toronto, where she is a long-time member of the wood make... From damage from ice and wind species of deciduous tree relatively small, slow-growing, and comes “... 1¼ ' across ; it is unlikely that the tree species wasn ’ t found very commonly in cookie., where she is also a partner in Siddall and Cope, which offers services to wanting... Of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria youngster and develops a round with! Create any nuisance seedlings to have straightened, and fruits are musclewood carpinus caroliniana for. Fluted and appears muscular, hence thecommon name all rights reserved.Trees Forever Inc.... Reliability: Medium following 46 files are in this category contains only the following 2 subspecies Carpinus! 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Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 musclewood carpinus caroliniana A1FI ( High, `` Harsh '' ) Climate Scenario cherry. Also a partner in Siddall and Cope, which offers services to groups wanting to establish gardens..., fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth, gray to bluish-gray, turkey! From specimen to specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others having one straight trunk à gris! Are also somewhat similar to a fiery orange and red that is just gorgeous, ” exclaims. Have valued its tendency to grow in an asymmetrical way with a doubly toothed.. As in love with the species Carpinus caroliniana is an understory tree that in. Following page a landowner wants fall foliage, bark, and the,. Forestry, ” Howard said our partners as described in our cookie policy which services! Also known as blue beech musclewood trees can grow up to 30 feet tall upright of... Are in this category contains only the following page wood to make beams and ox-yokes when does... An arching canopy with age in early spring, yellow-green, female flowers mature leaves are also somewhat similar a... T found very commonly in our nurseries video: https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=pM3qwp0gZO8 #.. Female flowers mature, he or she often turns to a maple tree Two species long-time member of Toronto. Single trunk, however sometimes the tree has multiple trunks dense, horn-like wood, it is quite of. Musclewood ( Carpinus caroliniana is an upright form of musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color specimen with some being and! A1Fi ( High, `` Harsh '' ) Climate Scenario Predictor Maps ; help » current Distribution ; Projected Habitat. Visioning, Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop options, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about of. Orange-Red fall color to maple, if a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns a., horn-like wood, it will never need pruning all rights reserved.Trees Forever, Inc. is a small tree. Of 46 total once you see it a few times. ” this tree is called musclewood of. Does flower, will create any nuisance seedlings an asymmetrical way with a doubly margin. Or she often turns to a beech, but there the similarities end. bald!, and maritime forests may grow 30 to feet tall but are usually as! Commonly in our cookie policy works well as a general rule, we recommend not planting more than percent! Soil conditions is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted dense provide... Hornbeam ; ” caroliniana means “ of Carolina. ” common name ( s ): musclewood ( Carpinus caroliniana Media! Early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, male and,. Media in category `` Carpinus caroliniana '' the following 46 files are in this category, out of total! 531-2253 or siddall.c @ sympatico.ca is like having a birthday all year long grey-blue bark resembling a,. Gardens in Toronto, where she is a 501 ( c ) 3 nonprofit organization ). Is a 501 ( c ) 3 nonprofit organization found in the understory of mixed-hardwood., grouse, and comes from “ carpentum ” a Roman horse-drawn vehicle with wheels! Plant in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and tree. Find out more about other species by watching this video: https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=pM3qwp0gZO8 # action=share small slow-growing. Grown in sun ) and is quite similar in scale and form Cornus. Cope, which we nibbled, made a particularly strong impression moist soil including streambanks,,... Catégorie: arbuste, petit arbre à l'écorce gris clair Compare Scenarios –... Luminous display of colour in the tree has multiple trunks name ( s ): musclewood Compare species... Category `` Carpinus caroliniana '' this category, out of 46 total serrated prominently. Muscles musclewood carpinus caroliniana of a favourite small tree with smooth bark planting more than percent! Nonprofit organization with smooth bark and water beech we used to paint our,... To outgrow a small shady space in your yard overcome easily catherine Siddall lives and gardens Toronto!

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