Based on the 2010 census, the population was 1,145,956, making it the fifth-most populous county in Florida. History of Orange County, New York by Ruttenber, Edward Manning, 1825-1907, comp; Clark, L. H. (Lewis H.) Publication date 1881 Publisher Philadelphia, Everts & Peck Collection library_of_congress; americana Digitizing sponsor Sloan Foundation Contributor The Library of Congress Language English. But a few retired soldiers were granted grazing permits. Glenn L. Martin built his own plane in his shop in Santa Ana and decided to pull off the very first water to water flight. It was so successful that they built Anaheim Pier, near present-day Seal Beach, so they could ship the wine to San Francisco.  Disaster struck in the late 1880s when a grape blight killed nearly all of the vines in the area. The first court house was authorized to be established in 1754 where the western path crossed the Eno … Members of the Tongva, Juaneño, and Luiseño Native American groups long inhabited the area. This angered Anaheim and some of the other northern communities that had hoped to be near the center of the new county. The county seat, Orange, is at 30°05' north latitude and 93°44' west longitude, twenty-four miles east of Beaumont and 288 miles southeast of Dallas. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232 making it the third-most populous county in California. Orange was a pivotal county in political struggles. The area was subdivided, an irrigation ditch dug, and the vineyards planted before the first colonists moved to Anaheim in 1859. Orange County is a county located in the state of Florida. The Mexican government also authorized land grants of up to 44,000 acres to Mexican citizens who would occupy and improve the land. The county was formed in 1752 from parts of Bladen, Granville, and Johnston Counties. Civil War service men from Orange County served in various regiments. We can’t brag about Watergate, but we can be proud that our 37th president was a self-made Orange County boy. After escaping from San Quentin Prison, Juan Flores called up his gang and back South. Becoming Orange In 1873, Richland's application for a post office was refused because there was already a Richland in Sacramento County. By the time they arrived in the area of Dana Point, they were out of supplies, including the pirate staple, rum. Their foresight prompted a connection with a larger hospital complex for the purpose of receiving government … In 1868, vast areas on either side of the Santa Ana River were placed on the market, and the towns of Santa Ana, Tustin, Orange, Westminster, and Garden Grove were soon founded. This group put on a small fair in 1890 that included a horse race and a few exhibits in Santa Ana. Orange County might have been called Grape County if things had gone differently over 150 years ago. For decades, Laguna Woman was known as the First Woman in the Western Hemisphere. The county size was much reduced through 1881 with Guilford, Wake, Chatham, Caswell, Alamance and Durham being created from Orange county in 1771, 1777, 1849 and 1881. At one point there were at least 50 different wineries in the area. Loading... By John-Robin Middlebrook. Cattle ranching became the backbone of the local economy. Later, Shoshonean-speaking people arrived, the ancestors of the tribes we know today as the Juaneño and the Gabrielino. Richard Nixon Library, Museum, Birthplace, and Grave, 2020 Black Friday Gift Guide with 10 Orange County Must-Read Books, Knitters Rejoice: Yarn Shop Roundup in Orange County, Where to Watch Walk With Me in Orange County, a Film on Mindfulness, Gift Guide for Dads and What to Do in Orange County for Father’s Day, The Best Views in Outdoor Dining in Orange County. Fortunately, the area’s climate and fertile soil was still fruitful for many other crops, including our famed citrus which eventually took over most other local crops, including lima beans, strawberries, celery and sugar beets. The U.S. entered World War I in 1917 and in 1919 there was a victory parade celebrating the end of World War I held at the Orange County Park which later became Irvine. Publication date 1908 Publisher Middletown, N.Y., Van Deusen and Elms Collection library_of_congress; americana Digitizing sponsor Sloan Foundation Contributor The Library of Congress Language English. By the mid-1950s, Orange County’s farms were being replaced by tract housing. Other ranchos were broken up and sold off in pieces to settlers and developers. to the end of reconstruction in 1870: by Scott, William Wallace, 1845- [from old catalog] Apricots had all but disappeared by 1920. Helene Kent House ... but for most of its history it was almost entirely agricultural, ... (the station has a large parking garage) and Wellington Station, Medford, on the Orange Line, roughly 10 … But Laguna Woman shows that even the very earliest settlers of this part of the world knew a prime beach town when they saw it. In 1894, another group, the Orange County Fair Association, Inc., took over. EMBED. His assistants pushed him into the waves and he sailed into the air, landing in Avalon’s harbor. No similar remains were ever found nearby, so the skull may have washed down from local hills. Aliso Viejo, Rancho Santa Margarita, Ladera Ranch, and others followed in the 1980s and 1990s. Orange County Landscape. Santa Ana opened the first high school of Orange County in 1891. While agriculture has all but disappeared, many local oil wells are still pumping. Martin went on to form his own company and produce the famous China Clipper planes. and Bonita Canyon, there is an immense statue of a buffalo, (or bison to be correct). In 1857, a group of German immigrants set up a colony they named after the Santa Ana River combined with the German word for home (heim): Anaheim. As other crops disappeared, citrus became more and more popular. In 1810 his son-in-law, José Antonio Yorba, and his grandson, Juan Pablo Peralta, received a formal concession to the land that became known as the Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. The barn and silo, along with some buffalo remained there until 1994 when the silo was moved to the Centennial Farm at the OC Fair Grounds! Being pirates, Bouchard and his crew quickly called their bluff and went to town to load up on supplies at the local shops (who needs money when you’re a pirate!). South Orange County began to grow in the 1960s, with master planned communities such as Irvine, Mission Viejo, and Laguna Niguel. Farming became the backbone of the local economy. There are 2000 year old Sanskrit writings of “nagrunga” cultivation as a medicinal herb. With a stack of newspapers and mail to deliver (he had to earn money for the trip! Santa Ana was selected as the county seat, and the County of Orange was officially formed on August 1, 1889. The OCHS office is temporarily closed due to COVID-19 social distancing requirements. This gave the rancheros a new market for their cattle, which were sold as beef to feed hard-working miners. They lived by hunting and fishing, and gathering plants and seeds. In 1917 the City of Brea was established. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that … The Southern Pacific built the first local railroad in 1875, extending its tracks south from Los Angeles to Anaheim. The first people to live in Orange County came here thousands of years ago. In the 1910s and ‘20s, new highways led the way to new communities. In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. Existing communities expanded, and new towns and subdivisions sprang up by the dozens as tourists and settlers poured into Southern California. There was a petting zoo, Indian Village, and even buffalo burgers. The local economy soared. CHOC’s history began with visionaries Walt Disney and Walter Knott joining a small group of Orange County pediatricians and leaders – all determined to bring a children’s hospital to their growing community. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. 13th Regiment, Indian… Because of Phil’s dedication to our archival collection, an account has been established in his name that will be used exclusively to fund the needs of our archives.  Phil was an advocate of professionalizing our collections, either by using archival-quality supplies (aiding in preservation), digitization (contributing to access), or taking advantage of what technology had to offer.  Managing our archival collections takes dedicated volunteers and financial support. Horse thieves, prison escapes, marauding desperados, and deadly shootouts were the talk of Orange County in 1857. Visiting his birthplace in Yorba Linda is a window into an earlier time in Orange County. In order to have a … For over 25 years, Anaheim was the largest wine producing area in California. History. Wine and raisin grapes, wheat, barley, and corn were all successful. Orange County's history dates back to the mid-eighteenth century when it was named after William IV, Prince of Orange, according to this proclamation from 1734. He was born in 1913 in this small house that his father built from a catalog kit.  The gang headed to San Juan Capistrano where they robbed and looted local stores and murdered a local merchant. Growers began planting celery, sugar beets, and lima beans in the 1890s. Juan Flores was a famous outlaw in the days when stolen horses and stagecoach robberies were the big crimes in Orange County. But everywhere in the county there are places with stories to tell that most locals don’t even know. The county seat is Santa Ana. ORANGE COUNTY was formed from Spotsylvania in 1734, and was named not from the "color of its soil" as erroneously stated by Howe and others, for there is no soil of orange color in the County; but for William, . By the 1930s, Orange County was producing a sixth of the nation’s Valencia orange crop. By 1846, almost all of Orange County was part of one rancho or another. By the time he returned to Newport’s sandy beach, he had not only taken off and landed in the water, but covered 68 over-water miles, shattering the previous record of 22 miles across the English Channel set by aviation pioneer Louis Bleriot in 1909. This came less than 10 years since the Wright Brothers had their 30 second first flight on the sandy beach of Kitty Hawk, thousands of miles away. In the late 1950s, aerospace firms and light industry began expanding here, and the increasing population meant more and more jobs at hospitals, restaurants, and stores. At the end of the war, many veterans decided to settle in Southern California, and the region began to grow at an unprecedented rate. Orange County’s political history is pretty vivid (maybe you’ve heard Reagan’s infamous quote about us? Beginning in the 1990s, toll roads were added in some areas to meet the needs of growing communities. The Orange County Archives serves as the main repository for historic property documents, vital records and other materials from county government. While Washington and the Founding Fathers were starting their war against England, the changes here were just as revolutionary as Spain claimed Southern California (and everyone already living there) as its own. This local boy went on to be the first president to make a phone call to the moon when he spoke with Neil Armstrong in 1969 right after that famous first step for mankind. Catholic missionaries and Spanish soldiers were sent north to establish a chain of missions and forts. Tourism, manufacturing, and the service industry began to dominate the local economy. ), and includes more than a few major political players. Not far away, you can drive down Bison Ave. No, these aren’t reminders of a long-lost local species. Major strikes in Placentia (1919) and Huntington Beach (1920) started an oil boom that swept the county. 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