Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. Young American Yellowwood. 23 more photos VIEW GALLERY. A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. photo credit: R. Robert . Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. Related Links. Yellowwood is so named because the freshly cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Call us at 1 315 4971058. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). Cladrastis kentukea. In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. – yellowwood Subordinate Taxa. - $149.99. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) Index. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) $ 40.00. This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. View gallery. Interpreting Wetland Status. Scientific Name. Cladrastis kentukea: American Yellowwood 1. The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. Cours.) It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. kentukea: of Kentucky. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. Following the flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods form in autumn. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America.. 1). View gallery. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. T… Read more. Cladrastis Raf. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Photo by Rachel White . The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Important properties. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. Cladrastis kentukea – Yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. ‘Native’ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50′ tall. Category: Trees. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Water … Michx.) It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. Introduction. 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